A Bunion, also called Hallux Valgus, occurs in one-fourth of adults age 18-65. Causes of a Bunion include poor biomechanics of the foot, improper footwear, or direct injury to the bone or surrounding tissues. Bunions often form at the first MTP joint of the big toe eventually causing obvious discomfort and deformity.
What is it?
A Bunion is a painful bony bump on the big toe, with the appearance that the big toe is bending inward toward the other toes of the foot.
Common Signs & Symptoms:
Common symptoms may include a gradual deformity of the foot and a gradual onset of pain in the big toe. Pain is often relieved with the removal of pressure or footwear.
Assessment methods involve evaluating pain location and levels, noticeable lateral deviation of the big toe, testing of strength and range of motion limitations, and completion of an X-ray to confirm the diagnosis.
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