Gout occurs when uric acid, a metabolic waste product, builds up in the body or when there is kidney dysfunction, causing deposits often in the small joints of the hands and feet. It is most common in the big toe.
What is it?
Gout is an inflammatory-type of arthritis, caused by excessive uric acid in the body.
Common Signs & Symptoms:
Symptoms include quick onset with intense pain that may gradually ease off over a week, shiny and red skin due to swelling, bulging of the joint, itchiness around the affected area, and possible flaking or peeling of the skin.
Assessment strategies include evaluating pain levels and location, testing strength and range of motion, observing swelling, palpation for tenderness, conducting synovial fluid tests, and completing uric acid tests.
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