The four toes consist of three phalange bones, with two interphalangeal joints. At the first interphalangeal joint, the toes bend. Improper footwear or overactivity of certain muscles may cause the toe to stay bent for long periods of time. If the toe remains permanently bent, a deformity called Hammer Toe forms.
What is it?
Hammer Toe is the abnormal bending at the most proximal interphalangeal joint of the 2nd, 3rd, 4th, or 5th toe.
Common Signs & Symptoms:
Symptoms of Hammer Toe include pain and swelling at the joint, toe deformity, or the formation of a corn or callus on the top of the toe.
Common Hammer Toe assessment methods involve noticeable toe deformity, evaluation of pain levels and location, and strength and range of motion testing.
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