The sacroiliac joint connects the sacrum of the spine to the pelvis. This joint may become hypermobile or locked creating problems with surrounding tissues including muscles, ligaments, and tendons, causing pain. Causes include biomechanical issues, hormonal fluctuations, direct impact or trauma to the joint, or inflammatory joint conditions.
What is it?
Sacroiliac Joint Pain, also referred to as sacroiliac joint dysfunction, is the irritation or inflammation at or surrounding the SI joint.
Common Signs & Symptoms:
Common symptoms include upper buttocks or lower back pain, stiffness which increases after long periods of sitting or standing, and sometimes, radiating pain down the legs.
Assessment methods involve evaluating pain levels and location, testing strength and range of motion limitations, and collecting a thorough patient history to determine the mechanism of injury.
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